This post is intended to be an ongoing project (and is very far from complete at the moment!): a glossary of common archery terms with basic explanations. If there are any terms you think should be added, let me know.
Parts of the Bow
Back: the face of the bow that points away from the archer.
Belly: the face of the bow that points towards the archer.
Handle/grip: the part of the bow that is held by the hand.
Limb: the section of the bow that is not the handle. May consist of bending and non-bending parts.
Nock: the point on the bow where the string attaches. May consist of grooves cut into the side of the bow (usually both sides symmetrically but on some historical bows just one side); a groove in the back of the bow (usually on a static recurve) or a protrusion from the tip for the string to fit over, with shoulders to stop the string sliding down (this is sometimes known as a pin nock). Not to be confused with the nock at the end of an arrow, the action of attaching the arrow to the string or the nocking point on the string.
Rest: similar to a shelf but consisting of a piece of wood, leather, metal or some other material protruding from (and usually stuck to rather than made from the same piece as) the bow.
Shelf: a section of the bow, often the bottom of a window, that provides a stable base for the arrow to rest on.
Siyah: the stiffened tip of a static recurve. Also known as the ear.
Window/cutout: a section of the bow at the top of the handle that has been removed. This serves two major purposes: it makes the bow more centreshot and it provides a shelf.
Strings – Parts and Manufacture
Loops: the loops at the end of the string, that fit over the end of the bow.
Nocking Point: the point on the string where the arrow attaches. It is important to get this position right, for optimum arrow flight and to reduce the risk of the feathers’ cutting the hand. Nocking point also refers to a marker attached to the string to mark this point. They often consist of small brass “U” shaped pieces that are clamped around the string but it is better to use a piece of dental floss or similar wrapping (since this is lighter and therefore allows faster string movement, as well as not cutting the drawing fingers as brass can do.
Serving: any of various types of thread wrapped around the string. Centre serving is the section of thread wrapped around that part of the string where the arrow will attach. It allows the string to be built up to a thickness appropriate to the arrow without needing to have the whole string that thick (and therefore heavy and slow). It also protects the string from friction from the arrow. End serving, also known as loop serving is the thread wrapped around the loops. It protects the loops from friction and also ensures that the loops stay closed.